innovations in Genetic Engineering / Molecular Biology | Innoget

Unitat de Valorització de la URV posted this:
Licensing Manager at Fundació URV

Cystic Echinococcosis, also known as hydatid disease (Hydatidosis), is a parasitic disease caused by the tapeworms of genus Echinococcus. Hydatidosis is globally distributed and found in every continent except Antarctica. Endemic areas are parts of Argentina, Peru, East Africa, Central Asia and China. The infection to humans occur through the ingestion of parasite eggs in contaminated water, food, soil or through direct contact with animal hosts such as dogs and sheep. Human infection with E. granulosus leads to the development of one or more hydatid cysts located most often in the liver and lungs, and less frequently in the bones, kidneys, spleen, muscles, central nervous system and eyes. The asymptomatic incubation period of the disease can last many years until hydatid cysts grow to an extent that triggers clinical signs. The diagnosis is done through ultrasonography imaging, which is usually complemented or validated by computed tomography and/or magnetic resonance imaging scans. Cysts can be incidentally discovered by radiography. Specific antibodies are detected by different serological tests and can support the diagnosis. Biopsies and ultrasound-guided punctures may also be performed for differential diagnosis of cysts from tumours and abscesses. In this invention, a new system for non-invasive, early, fast and easy to use diagnosis test for Hydatidosis from exhaled breath analysis has been developed.
New method for the diagnosis of diseases caused by helminths