Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Technology Offers

Cracow University of Technology posted this:

A comprehensive method to assess the technical condition of the pressure equipment of installation operated in the chemical and petrochemical industry, with the use of acoustic emission signal analysis, structure stress field and the degradation st The algorithm for the assessment of the technical condition of pressure equipment of chemical and petrochemical installations, subjected to the long-term operation, allows to determine the damage degree of the material and allows to predict the further development of degradation processes in a function of time. The proposed approach to the problem of safe operation of devices is fundamentally different from the solutions which are currently used in industrial practice. Currently, the supervision of these objects is based mainly on standard non-destructive testing methods. The main limitation of used methods is the lack of the possibility of both examining the object in its entire volume and testing the device in working conditions. Developed algorithm allows to effectively solve current problems in the diagnosis of chemical installations related to the assessment of their technical condition and determination of the conditions for further operation in real time. The algorithm is particularly recommended for monitoring devices in which adverse damages occur due to the long-term operation.

Graft Polymer UK Ltd posted this:

Producing PE125 using GRAFTALEN™ MP-UHHD. Consumer properties, which should be taken into consideration: 1) The unique toughness of the material (the highest rate of all known polymers), namely, Over 160 kJ/m2 2) High abrasion resistance 3) Low friction coefficient (self-lubricating) 4) High resistance to chemically aggressive reagents (media) 5) High creep resistance (geometric stability) Ordinary way - This type of process is quite expensive. Production of PE125, in compounding with bimodal PE100, from 8 to 45% of supermolecular polyethylene is injected, reaching dispersion by multiple compounding (4 stages) in an extruder cascade (XXXXX technology). GRAFTALEN™ MP-UHHD (alloy) is a MELT-PROCESSABLE concentrate of UHMWPE on an HDPE matrix. As HDPE, you can choose the most affordable HDPE (pipe) grade. To obtain polyethylene according to the standards PE125 (with a minimum strength indicator MRS> 13.8-14 MPa, in comparison PE100 has MRS only 10 MPa), a significant improvement in the resistance against hydrostatic pressure is required. For a conventional bimodal HDPE, this indicator is difficult to achieve, since it directly correlates with the impact strength/density indicators and with simple extrapolation, it turns out that the required indicator for PE125 simply does not reach the bimodal HDPE matrix. Another problem - the difficulty in maintaining the geometric stability of the pipe (the thickness at the top of the pipe is often less than at the bottom) due to the sagging effect (the phenomenon of the gravitational flow of a polymer melt). This phenomenon is more pronounced for thick-walled pipes. The specific blend of HDPE with UHMWPE allows solving these problems above.
Project: Innovative pilot production modified compounds by PE125 standard for multifunctional applications.

Korea Institute of Energy Research posted this:

Researchers at the Korea Institute of Energy Research have developed a carbon dioxide (CO2) capture process for treating exhausts gas using a polymer membrane. Carbon sequestration requires a multi-step procedure whereby waste CO2 from large point sources, is captured, transported to storage sites and deposited. Carbon capture is a critical step in this process and represents a significant portion of the overall cost. This newly developed exhaust gas treatment system for CO2 capture offers numerous advantages over existing technology including: reduction in environmental harmful exhaust gases from carbon capture process; minimisation of installation space requirements; and a significant reduction in installation costs. In recent years there has been an accelerated development of technology focused on the reduction of CO2 emissions, due in part to the increase of climate change mitigation focused regulations. Advanced carbon capture technology is at the forefront of research centred on the reduction of CO2 emissions. Prior commercialised carbon capture technologies have neglected to incorporate methods for handling the unavoidable harmful exhaust gasses present in the carbon capture process. Consequently, there is a need for methods of managing these gasses within the carbon capture process. Researchers at the Korea Institute of Energy Research have met this challenge and designed a sophisticated polymer membrane process capable of treating the harmful exhaust gasses present during common carbon capture method. This advanced technology addresses the necessity of managing these gasses and their known negative environmental implications. This newly developed exhaust gas treatment system for carbon capture offers numerous advantages over existing technology. Specifically, harmful exhaust gasses can be removed; installation space, of the desulfurization facility, can be minimized and process costs reduced through the application of exhaust gas treatment device using the polymer separator.

Korea Institute of Energy Research posted this:

The present technology relates to a process and apparatus for recovering high-purity olefin from mixed gasses containing light olefins (ethylene, propylene, etc.). Olefin is a long chain polymer synthetic-fibre created when ethylene and/or propylene gases are polymerized under specific conditions. The resultant material, olefin, has a myriad of applications in manufacturing, household products, clothing and petrochemical products including plastics and packaging. Due to the non-toxicity of olefin in water, as well as the structural stability of materials manufactured using olefin fibre, the material, in its purest form, offers numerous advantages to different sectors and in several industrial processes. Generally, distillation techniques have been used to separate olefin/paraffin mixtures. However, significant challenges arise during these conventional distillation processes due to the small difference in boiling point between olefin and paraffin, and the subsequent requirement that distillation columns must have several distillation trays. This requirement later incurs high energy and equipment costs. In recent years, technology advancements have enabled the reduction in olefin separation costs by using a process of separating olefin by absorption as opposed to the traditional method of separation through distillation. This advanced olefin separation technology builds on the capabilities of recently developed absorption methods, through the addition of a sophisticated displacement desorption process of desorbing absorbed ethylene using a desorbent. Light olefins production is a multi-billion-dollar commodity industry, and the olefin separation process is the most energy-intensive operation in the production of ethylene, propylene and other high-volume olefin petrochemicals. Using this patented displacement-desorption process the high energy requirement of olefin separation can be reduced, thus saving resources and improving economic efficiency.

Korea Institute of Energy Research posted this:

Researchers at the Korea Institute of Energy Research have developed a new apparatus for producing silicon nanocrystals based on inductively coupled plasma. Silicon nanocrystals have been widely investigated for several years because of their many interesting properties and potential use in several applications. Recently, silicon nanocrystals have been used in solar cells and light emitting device (LEDs). Silicon is an environmentally friendly material and is utilised for various applications in the field of electronic materials. The field of silicon nanocrystal production has grown enormously of late, in response to the observation of quantum confinement in porous silicon. Silicon is already widely used in the semiconductor industry, in large part because of its nontoxic properties and abundance, being the second most abundant element in the earth’s crust. Due to the high capacity of silicon paired with its relatively environmentally friendly properties it is an ideal material for use as a replacement to more commonly used environmentally costly materials. The common process of producing silicon nanocrystals can be classified into three distinct areas: solid-state reaction, liquid state reaction, and vapour state reaction. The solid-state reaction is the process whereby a thin film of SiO2, Si3N4 or the like containing excess Silicon (Si) is formed and subjected to heat treatment to enable the condensation of silicon and subsequent formation of silicon nanocrystals in a SiO2, Si3N4 or SiC matrix. In the liquid state reaction, silicon nanocrystals are prepared via a chemical reaction of silicon compounds, this is done through the application of variant methods, for example the high-temperature supercritical method. In the vapour state reaction, silicon nanocrystals are prepared by passing a silane compound gas through a high energy region such as laser or plasma. In the case of all three traditional silicon nanocrystals reaction methods (solid, liquid and gas) the process incurs significant cost due to the substantial need for heat energy and expensive deposition equipment. What’s more, in the liquid State reaction issues arise due to the severe difficulty in controlling particle size, which in turn leads to poor crystallinity quality. The vapour state reaction incurs further issues due to the extreme use of energy resulting in aggregated nanocrystals and the formation of secondary particles. To overcome the inherent issues of solid, liquid and vapour silicon nanocrystal reactions non-thermal plasma, such as inductively coupled plasma (IPC) has begun to be used. However, the conventional ICP-based apparatus has limitations and can result in issues pertaining to the management of the particle size of silicon nanocrystals, as well as extending reaction time and deteriorating silicon nanocrystal quality. To combat the aforementioned limitations in silicon nanocrystal production a new apparatus method has been designed, which can minimise plasma diffusion inside the reactor during production using ICP to improve the particle size characteristics and quality of the silicon nanocrystals.

Sandra Moczulska posted this:
Technology Broker at Technology Transfer Office (University of Warsaw)

The olefin metathesis reaction has many advantages, the most important of which is the fact that it shortens the synthesis path by reducing the number of required steps and this lowers the cost of obtaining the target product. Unfortunately, the industrial application of the olefin metathesis reaction (especially in the production of macrocyclic rings in the RCM reaction) is currently experiencing difficulties such as: - lack of selectivity and product competition (a major problem with RCMs leading to large macrocyclic rings to minimize the problem of high dilution, but it clearly increases the cost of the process) - displacement of reaction equilibrium (RCM reaction is an equilibrium process, so to move the process towards the formation of products it is necessary to react under reduced pressure) - migration of double bond C = C (migration within the substrates as well as target product due to side reactions. This inconvenience can be eliminated by using, for example, quinones - unfortunately, this elimination is only partial.) - the need to use a homogeneous ruthenium catalyst (a large amount of catalyst is required to reach the reaction, reaching over 20 mol%). The present invention relates to a process for the production of cyclic compounds in the olefin metathesis reaction and the use of ruthenium catalysts for the production of cyclic olefins in olefin metathesis reactions. The solution through optimization, overcomes the current problems. The expected product is obtained with high efficiency and selectivity. The method can find extensive use in organic synthesis, requiring metathetic ring closure (RCM), among others in the fragrance industry. Advantages of the presented solution from UW: 1. high process efficiency 2. high selectivity 3. low cost of synthesis