Research & Technology Organization
UNIVERSIDAD DE ALICANTE posted this:Production of briquettes for energy recovery of furniture waste with polyurethane foamsThe Research Group "Waste, energy, environment and nanotechnology" (WEEN) from the University of Alicante has developed a new compact material and a production process of briquettes of furniture waste. This process makes it possible to carry out the management and the energy recovery of this waste, avoiding the environmental problems associated with its landfilling and also making it easier to transport, handle and store. The briquettes obtained, show physicochemical characteristics similar to the conventional and they have a high energy density being able to be used as fuel for thermal power plants or industrial boilers. Companies in the waste treatment sector and the furniture industry that are interested in commercial exploitation of this technology through licensing agreements and / or technical cooperation are sought.
Centre Technology Transfer CITTRU posted this:Ecological solid fuel additive, which improve fuel combustion efficiency and decrease soot generation.Solid fuel eco-additive reduces soot production and deposition on chimney walls, flues and boiler installation. Moreover it doesn't cause boiler corrosion. Consequently it improves boiler thermal efficiency and fuel combustion effectiveness. That means lower costs of heating. It also modifies soot to be biodegradable, prevents releasing soot-related pollutions and isn't harmful to human health.
UATEC - Unidade de Transferência de Tecnologia posted this:Planar diamond thermistors for harsh environments: applied to temperature measurements in combustion and jet engines for the automobile and aerospace industry, lasers, fuel cells and in biological and aggressive chemical environmentsThe new diamond thermistors can be used for temperature measurements in harsh environments such as aggressive chemicals at high temperature or in biological media due to their inertness. Furthermore, the sintered ceramic substrate guarantees superior adhesion and resistance to fracture under high mechanical loads. The fabricated temperature sensitive diamond surface comprises well adhered ohmic contacts deposited on the backside of the dielectric ceramic substrate. This configuration prevents interaction between the temperature sensitive surface and the surrounding environment which is essential for biochemical devices applications. Furthermore, the planar geometry of the disclosed thermistor maximizes the contact region between the temperature sensitive surface and any solid flat surface on which it is placed. In this way, improved response times are obtained comparing to traditional round shaped thermistors.
Centre Technology Transfer CITTRU posted this:Catalysts for low-temperature combustion of methane from low-caloric sources and methods for their preparationDue to the rising emission of methane and its extensive contribution to the greenhouse effect, the reduction of CH4 emissions from low-caloric anthropogenic sources is currently a vital importance. The main sources of the methane emission are: exploitation of oil pools, coal mining, pas power stations, landfills, agriculture and biomass. The most popular method of the reduction of methane is its catalytic combustion. Unfortunately, this method has few limitations associated mainly with hard activation of the C-H bond in CH4 and low concentrations of methane in the emitted gases. The catalytic oxidation of methane is limited also by the very large airflows (of order 105 m3/min), passing through the catalyst bed during the process. There is still a lack on the market of a technological solution based on total catalytic combustion of CH4 in the economically reasonable low-temperature window, i.e. below 400 °C. The most popular method among the methods limiting the emission of methane to the atmosphere is the one based on its catalytic combustion. However, this procedure has disadvantages, mainly due to the high activation energy of methane molecules and also because of the low concentration of methane emitted from anthropogenic sources. There is no technology allowing effectively combusting of methane with the concentration of 1-2 % and in the economically justified temperatures, i.e. lower than 400 °C. The fundamental advantages of offered solutions are: - method for preparing catalysts that ensures the repeatability of the parameters and high efficiency in the reactions of methane combustion, - increased both the activity and the thermal stability of the catalysts in comparison with other systems described in the literature, - possibility of using the catalysts in the total oxidation of methane emitted from the low-caloric sources at temperatures below 400 °C.