Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya - UPC

Method to code the signal amplitude by folding and auxiliary information labels

Posted by Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya - UPCResponsive · Patents for licensing · Spain

Summary of the technology

A simple technique improves the power budget of cost-effective optical analog and OFDM systems by transmitting the signal absolute value and adding a label with the sample sign or region.

Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya - UPC
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya - UPC

The Challenge


Broadband communication networks are nowadays based on optical fiber transmission, where the data signals are transported over a modulated optical carrier. For this, typically an optical modulator is used at the transmitter and the received power signal is photodetected at the receiver. However, the modulation is non linear generally. For example, the Mach-Zehnder modulator (MZM) has a periodical sinusoidal input-output function, and the photo-detector is unipolar, not being sensible to the optical signal phase.
This non-linearity is especially affecting negatively in analog (SCM, OFDM, RadioOverFiber) systems, requiring that the signal is unipolar, while the analog signals are bipolar. For this requirement, typically a large DC bias offset is added to the signal and the modulation index is highly lowered with respect to digital transmission. This involves a high mean optical power with low modulation depth and high PAPR, so thus a very limited transmission performances in terms of distance reach and power budget.

The Technology


The technique proposed produces an unipolar analog signal without adding a DC bias. It consists on separating the original signal into two parts: the magnitude and a sign label. The bipolar signal passes through a null-level threshold where its sign is extracted, and only its absolute value is considered afterwards. The electrical signal including both magnitude and sign can then be modulated without the need of DC bias and with low PAPR.
This folding operation is also extended to any non-linear region of the modulator, like the multiple periods of the MZM, assigning a label to each one. With this, the modulation depth can be highly increased and, consequently, the signal to noise ratio at the receiver and the link length.

Current stage of development


Prototype and validity tests passed. Experimental results published at: 38th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), paper P6.04 , 2012, Amsterdam.

Applications and Target Market


· Broadband Telecom System Vendors Broadband wired and wireless Operators Manufacturers of lasers, modulators and drivers Broadband Optical Communications networks: access, metropolitan, transport Remote antenna feeding Next Generation - Passive Optical Networks (NG-PON), based on OFDM or SCM.

Innovative advantages


· Linearization of the non-linear optical modulation function by labeling each modulator stretch or period Increased power budget and length of the fiber link Low PAPR OFDM transmission Enables the use of non-linear modulators Specially suited for OFDM, SCM and Radio-over-Fiber systems

Intellectual property status

Granted Patent
-
Technology available for licensing, transfering and technical cooperation Patent Status Priority application

Granted Patent
-
Technology available for licensing, transfering and technical cooperation Patent Status Priority application

Granted Patent
-
Technology available for licensing, transfering and technical cooperation Patent Status Priority application

Granted Patent
-
Technology available for licensing, transfering and technical cooperation Patent Status Priority application

Granted Patent
-
Technology available for licensing, transfering and technical cooperation Patent Status Priority application

Technology Owner

Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya - UPC

Technology Transfer Office

Related keywords

  • Electronics, IT and Telecomms
  • Optical Materials
  • Optics
  • Optical Technology related to measurements
  • Signal Processing
  • Lighting and signaling system
  • Fibre Optics
  • information labels

About Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya - UPC

Technology Transfer Office from Spain

The Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya - BarcelonaTech is a public institution dedicated to higher education and research in the fields of engineering, architecture and science, which contributes its knowledge and expertise in order to increase scientific output, transfer its results to society and provide a network of scientific and technical state-of-the-art facilities and technology valorization services that place us at the leading edge of innovation and economic development.

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