A novel approach of electricity producing cell
Scheme of the prototype produced. It consists on an insulating substrate of yttrium-stabilized zirconium oxide, a thermoelectric layer of calcium-cobalt oxide, and silver electrodes which are alternatively coated with a spectrally selective coating (SSC) to visible and infrared light, patented by CSIC.
The photo-thermal thin-film cell presented is similar to photovoltaic cells but, due to the nature of its materials, its manufacturing can be accomplished with much simpler technologies. The cell consists on a thermoelectric material, which can produce electricity when it is subjected to a temperature difference. To enhance this process, a spectrally selective coating (SSC) is applied in different areas; this SSC allows to increase the temperature of the material covered area and generate electric current.
The correct election of the different layer thicknesses, combined with an appropriate substrate and coating, allows producing better architectures than those currently proposed for some applications: the present photo- thermal cell shows the same properties, it has higher efficiency, and it can lead to lower production costs.
Main innovations and advantages
· The photo-thermoelectric cell is produced by a deposition process of the different layers, which can be adapted to the required design.
· The cell layers can be prepared following a large-scale economic process · In addition, the presence of defects on the thermoelectric material does not hinder the correct operation of the cell.
· The simplest design showed values of 0.5 V on cell.
· During experimental tests, efficiency values around 0.11% were achieved.
The main application of this technology is the conversion of thermal energy into electrical energy, either being part of a thermoelectric generator, or take advantage of the residual heat of other machines or electrical circuits.