Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas

Gold catalysts supported on mixed oxides highly efficient and stable in the Water Gas Shift reaction

Posted by Consejo Superior de Investigaciones CientíficasResponsive · Patents for licensing · Spain

Summary of the technology

CSIC, in collaboration with the University of Seville, has developed the synthesis of gold catalysts highly efficient
in the Water Gas Shift Reaction (WGS). The catalysts, based on gold supported on CuO/ZnO/Al2O3 mixed
oxides with hydrotalcite structure, are able to work without any pre-treatment and are robust against changes
in the reaction operation conditions, that make them very useful for production and/or H2 purification
processes for fuel processors coupled to fuel cells.
An offer for Patent Licensing

Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas
Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas

Maximum efficiency of conversion of CO in H2 The Water Gas Shift reaction, WGS, is a reversible and exothermic process which requires a continuing search for catalytic systems operating at low temperatures which enable increase the amount of hydrogen by decreasing the CO concentration. Another matter to be considered is that the WGS reactor is usually, by far, the biggest of the integrated process since the reaction is favored at low space velocities. It is because of, to facilitate its implementation in mobile applications, reducing the reactor volume is a key factor. In this regard, the development of catalysts enable of carrying out the reaction at high space velocities is one of the greatest current challenges. The nowadays catalysts for the WGS reaction at low temperature are based on Cu-Zn mixed oxides. However, they have important drawbacks as their pyrophoricity, pre-treatment activation and, in many cases, deactivation by sintering of the metal particles. Alternatively it has been proposed the use of catalysts based on noble metals (primarily Au and Pt). However, the highest effectiveness of these catalysts is only achieved with a high load of metal and it makes that, together with its high price, the use of these catalytic systems is limited. Both systems, based on mixed oxides and supported gold, has been intensively studied by separately however there is no reference regarding the use of a combined system.


The use of the gold catalysts supported on mixed oxides, represents a significant improvement for both the production and purification of hydrogen through the water gas shift reaction With all these precedents, gold catalysts supported on CuO/ZnO/Al2O3 mixed oxides, as alternative regarding the requirements needed for their use in portable devices of energy production, have been developed.

Main innovations and advantages


Intellectual property status

Granted Patent
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 The synthesis and application of gold catalysts supported on CuO/ZnO/Al2O3 mixed oxides are proposed for their use in the WGS reaction. Patent granted in Spain and filed in Europe and US.  The catalyst synthesis, using a defined hydrotalcite-t

Granted Patent
-
 The synthesis and application of gold catalysts supported on CuO/ZnO/Al2O3 mixed oxides are proposed for their use in the WGS reaction. Patent granted in Spain and filed in Europe and US.  The catalyst synthesis, using a defined hydrotalcite-t

Technology Owner

Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas

Public Agency

Related keywords

  • Industrial Technologies
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  • Mining Technologies
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  • Chemicals and materials related to Oil and Gas
  • Industrial chemicals
  • Water treatment equipment and waste disposal systems
  • catalyst
  • gold catalysts
  • water gas shift reaction (wgs)

About Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas

Public Agency from Spain

The Spanish National Research Council (in Spanish 'Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)') is a government agency for basic and applied scientific research.

It is the largest public research organization in Spain, with presence in all the Autonomous Communities through 126 centers and 145 associated units.

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