A method to identify actively degraded proteins

  • Yeda
  • From Israel
  • Responsive
  • Patents for licensing

Summary of the technology

This technology provides a method to identify the full landscape of proteins that are actively being degraded by the proteasome, offering a way to identify novel targets in various biological conditions and contexts.


Background and Unmet Need

The cell's proteome (protein profile) is constantly changing due to active degradation by the proteasome system, which is the main proteolytic system in the cell. Degradation by the proteasome system is a highly-regulated process implicated in numerous cellular events including transcription, differentiation, proliferation, and death.
Identifying the cellular "active degradome", meaning all proteins actively being degraded by the proteasome at a given time, can therefore reflect the cellular condition, provide substantial insights into cellular programs and state, and present novel therapeutic possibilities. Current methods to detect the cell's active degradome, which mainly rely on mass spectrometry (MS) analysis, have low sensitivity and fail to detect low abundance proteins and proteins with rapid turnover (e.g. transcription factors). Therefore, there is an unmet need for a method to better detect, analyze, and profile degraded proteins inside cells.

The Solution

The group of Dr. Yifat Merbl developed MAPP (Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Proteolytic Peptides), a unique method to isolate and identify the peptides captured inside or near the proteasome.

Technology Essence

The proteasome is isolated by immunoprecipitation under reversible cross-linking conditions that maintain the peptides that are being degraded within it. Subsequently, solid-phase extraction and MS analysis identifies these
peptides (Figure 1). MAPP can be used to study patterns of protein cleavage and proteasomal regulation induced by defined stimuli or under different pathologies such as cancer and inflammation. For example, since proteasomes are known to be upregulated in cancer cells, MAPP can be used on biopsies to identify specific "fingerprints" of the transformed tumor, enabling personal tailoring of the most potentially effective treatment. Another example is the immunoproteasomes, a unique proteasome that is activated by cells under inflammatory conditions. Applying MAPP on cells following a viral or bacterial infection will identify an infection-induced 'active-degradome' signature.
This can be used to identify pathogenic proteins that are targeted for either antigen presentation or other cellular functions, which holds significant therapeutic potential. Of note, proteasomes can also be isolated from biological fluids (i.e. blood, cerebrospinal fluid); therefore, proteasome profiling provides an accessible tool for analyzing different pathologies.

Applications and Advantages

  • Personalized medicine applications for various pathologies, including cancer, bacterial and viral infections, and autoimmune diseases.
  • Sensitive - enables the detection of less abundant proteins and proteins undergoing rapid turnover.

Unbiased sampling.

Versatile - can be used in profiling multiple types of specimens, including primary cells, and in a variety of contexts, from basic cell biology to clinical applications.
Novel indications - may be used to study the regulatory steps from peptide cleavage to human-leukocyteantigen presentation.

Development Status

Dr. Merbl and her team developed protocols for their novel method and proved it to be more sensitive compared to standard mass spectrometry assays. In vitro studies demonstrated MAPP can detect degradome changes in cells in response to stimuli that standard proteomics could not.
To demonstrate clinical importance, the team compared the degradome profiles of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) derived from systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients vs. healthy donors. The team could detect 100 unique proteins despite minute amounts of biological samples. Principal component analysis (PCA) of MAPP-identified proteins effectively segregated healthy and SLE PBMCs, whereas that of standard proteomicsidentified proteins did not. The results of this work were published in the prestigious journal, Nature Biotechnology1.


Wolf-Levy H, Javitt A, Eisenberg-Lerner A, et al. Revealing the cellular degradome by mass spectrometry analysis of proteasome-cleaved peptides. Nat Biotechnol. Published online October 22, 2018. doi:10.1038/nbt.4279

Intellectual property status

  • Granted Patent
  • Patent application number :USA Granted: 11,035,858

Related Keywords

  • Biological Sciences
  • Medicine, Human Health
  • Clinical Research, Trials
  • Medical Research
  • Biology / Biotechnology
  • Diagnostic

About Yeda

Yeda ("Knowledge" in Hebrew) Research and Development Company Ltd. is the commercial arm of the Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS) and is the second company of its kind established in the world.

WIS is one of the world’s leading multidisciplinary basic research institutions in the natural and exact sciences. It is located in Rehovot, Israel, just south of Tel Aviv. It was initially established as the Daniel Sieff Institute in 1934, by Israel and Rebecca Sieff of London in memory of their son Daniel. In 1949, it was renamed for Dr. Chaim Weizmann, the first President of the State of Israel and Founder of the Institute.

Yeda initiates and promotes the transfer to the global marketplace of research findings and innovative technologies developed by WIS scientists. Yeda holds an exclusive agreement with WIS to market and commercialize its intellectual property and generate income to support further research and education.

Since 1959 Yeda has generated the highest income per researcher compared to any other TTO worldwide. Weizmann has generated a number of groundbreaking therapies, such as Copaxone, Rebif, Tookad, Erbitux, Vectibix, Protrazza, Humira, and recently the CAR-T cancer therapy Yescarta.

Yeda performs the following activities:

◣ Identifies and assesses research projects with commercial potential.
◣ Protects the intellectual property of WIS and its scientists.
◣ Licenses WIS' inventions and technologies to industry.
◣ Establishes new Startup companies based in WIS Intellectual Property
◣ Channels funding from industry to research projects.

Our portfolio covers a broad spectrum of the natural sciences, including:

◣ Agriculture and Plant Genetics, including Bio-fuels
◣ Chemistry and Nanotechnology
◣ Environmental Sciences and Solar Energy
◣ Mathematics and Computer Science
◣ Medical Devices
◣ Pharmaceuticals and Diagnostics
◣ Physics and Electro-Optics
◣ Research Tools


Never miss an update from Yeda

Create your free account to connect with Yeda and thousands of other innovative organizations and professionals worldwide


Send a request for information
to Yeda

About Technology Offers

Technology Offers on Innoget are directly posted
and managed by its members as well as evaluation of requests for information. Innoget is the trusted open innovation and science network aimed at directly connect industry needs with professionals online.


Need help requesting additional information or have questions regarding this Technology Offer?
Contact Innoget support