University of Vigo posted this:Innovative process for the removal of persistent organic pollutants present in wastewater streams.This is the first time that surfactants-based aqueous phase segregation has been proposed for the remediation of aromatic organic pollutants. Up to know, biological degradation was used alone or in combination with other physical and chemical methods (e.g. volatilization, sorption, electrokinetic, oxidation, extraction with supercritical fluids, etc.), that often entail economic and environmental disadvantages. Therefore, the proposed strategy is an environmentally friendly alternative that entails benefits such as low energy consumption, low cost, availability of reagents at bulk quantities and easy implementation.
University of Vigo posted this:Valorization of whey and vinasses by producing antimicrobial extracts using biotechnological processesThis invention is based on the production of antimicrobial extracts with potential application against pathogenic microorganisms. The biotechnological production of antimicrobial metabolites was carried out using Lactobacillus plantarum strains. Two industrial wastes, whey, and wine distilled lees (or vinasses) were assayed in order to make the process economically competitive with regard to the chemical one. The extracts are mainly composed by lactic acid, 3-phenyllactic and bacteriocins. Whey was enzymatically hydrolyzed and the solutions were fermented sequentially or simultaneously. The bioprocesses were carried out continuously or discontinuously
University of Vigo posted this:New sustainable adsorbent for bleaching efficient industrial effluentsMany industries, such as those belonging to the textile, wine, and paper industry, consume huge volumes of water and, as a result, generate a large amount of contaminated water containing persistent colour pollutant compounds. These compounds represent an environmental and health threat due to their well-known associated problems, such as carcinogenicity, toxicity and mutagenicity. Furthermore, they entail a great environmental impact when discharged in aquatic environments, perceptible at very low concentrations, creating an undesirable visual impact, which, in many cases, does not meet the degree of conformity under the current directives on the wastewater treatment for industrial effluents (Directive 91/271 / EEC). The solution proposed by the research group Chemical Engineering at the University of Vigo, is the use as adsorbent of peat, or a similar lignocellulosic material, immobilized in calcium alginate beads. This process is efficient, cheap and environmentally friendly, unlike other processes and technologies. In fact, the utilization of peat instead of activated carbon as industrial adsorbent has the advantage that peat requires no activation, unlike activated carbon, reducing operating costs. In addition, the low cost of the adsorbent would be translated into significant economic benefits. Moreover, depending on the contaminant removed from the waste effluent, the exhausted adsorbent may be used as soil fertilizer at its end of life.
Universidad de Alicante posted this:Method for recycling of vessels and other structures composed of fiberglass and resinResearchers at the University of Alicante have developed a method to recycle composite fiberglass structures on a polymer matrix (resin). The process removes the polymer matrix, recovering glass fiber which can be reused. The process is not aggressive with fiberglass. It takes place at room temperature and is able to recover all the fiberglass used. The method is industrially scalable and can be automated. Fiberglass composites and resin are widely used in the construction of boat hulls, tanks, wind turbine blades and many other applications. This method is a very important innovation for the sector and there was no effective method that allowed recovering and reusing these materials.
Centre Technology Transfer CITTRU posted this:Biological method of reducing excessive growth of filamentous bacteria in activated sludge in wastewater treatment plantsThe subject of the offer is a biological method of reducing excessive growth of filamentous bacteria in activated sludge in wastewater treatment plants. The invention uses organisms naturally occurring in the activated sludge - rotifers, which eliminate filamentous bacteria that cause bulking of activated sludge - one of the most prevailing and most serious problems in sewage treatment plants
Universidad de Alcalá-OTRI posted this:Bioremediation strategy in situ for the precipitation and immobilization of uranium and other toxic elements in contaminated soils.A research group from the Geology Department of the University of Alcalá is developing a technology to study the role of the oxidation-reduction processes of humics in the reduction of uranium and other toxic metals in contaminated soils to determine whether stimulating the activity of humic-reducing and oxidizing microbial communities in contaminated soils can be an effective strategy for the in situ immobilization of uranium and other toxic metals. The group is looking for technical cooperation projects with companies.
Fundació URV posted this:Catalytic wastewater treatment for organic matter removalThe catalytic technology allows you to remove high concentrations of COD (40.000-200.000ppm) at atmospheric pressure. All kind of organic compunds are removed (biodegradable and non biodegradable ones). The catalyst life is around 2-3 years. It is an exothermic process, so the energy needed for the process is just for the start up. The process works at 250-350ºC.
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Yissum - Research Development Company of the Hebrew University posted this:Nanoparticle Coatings Based on Hydrogen Peroxide Sol-Gel Processing of Metal OxidesCluster2 Platform technology for wet chemistry coatings of oxides Keywords: process, wet chemistry, batteries, transition metals, Project ID : 9-2010-2490
Universidad de Alicante posted this:How to get high added value products for industrial applications from agricultural wastes• The use of cocoa shell as a new lignocelulosic precursor to preparate activated carbon (monoliths) for industrial applications. • In contrast with current procedures used to synthesize activated carbon monoliths, in the present invention, the mounding of precursor is made before the carbonization and activation steps. • Raw material shows self-binder properties, so it is not necessary additional binders or additional steps for consolidation.
Universidad de Cádiz posted this:Pre-treatment of lignocellulosic biomass for the production of second-generation bioethanol• The action of the alkaline peroxide at moderate concentrations has been combined in one single stage. • The reaction times are short and the operating temperature is moderate. • The accessibility of the polysaccharides to the subsequent enzymatic attack is improved. • Hydrolysis yields of close to 100% are obtained. • Added value can be obtained from agricultural wastes rich in lignocellulose. • Low cost of implementation. • Simplicity of design.
Universidad de Cádiz posted this:New process for using beer bagasse (spent brewers grain) to obtain raw materials for the production of biofuelsCurrently, considerable quantities of lingo-cellulosic residues are generated continuously in many sectors of the agro-food industry. If these can be suitably processed, they are of great commercial interest to industry as potential raw materials for the production of biofuels and a variety of other high value-added products. The residual biomass of the agro-food industry typically has a high content in lipids, carbohydrates, proteins and other compounds of industrial interest. The only limitations to its use as a precursor of biofuel are the economic viability of the process for obtaining these precursors and their quality. One of the byproducts of special interest for this application is spent beer grain, also known as bagasse; given the existing lack of commercial value, this bagasse is widely available as a low-cost raw material. Currently, the principal application of bagasse is as feedstuff for livestock. In general, bagasse does not represent a source of income for breweries, and the reason why it is sold is to minimize the associated problems of waste management and disposal. The UCA research group on "Allelopathy in Higher Plants and Microorganisms" (FQM- 286) has developed an acid hydrolysis procedure whereby precursor materials for biofuels and other high -value-added products are obtained from beer bagasse. Its content in lipids and food fibre (equal to or more than 5% and 20%, dry weight, respectively), make it an ideal material for this application. This would represent a more attractive commercial outlet for many of the residues resulting from operations of the agro-food industry, and in particular, for beer bagasse. The object of the process is to obtain two different products. The first is an oil consisting mainly of the fats contained in the bagasse; the second is a substance rich in sugars or molasses. The oil is of interest as raw material for the production of biodiesel by the process of transesterification; the molasses can be employed as raw material for the production of bio-ethanol by means of fermentation. Molasses can also be formulated as sugar, after a crystallization process. The oil would be particularly useful for correcting the viscosity of biodiesel, thus achieving the optimum parameters for its use as biofuel. In outline, the process developed by the research group consists of a principal line, in which a series of operations take place for the conditioning of the bagasse, such as milling, extraction of lipids and the separation of the resulting solids. Downstream, this line divides into two secondary lines: in one line, for production of oils, the solvents from the prior extraction stage are separated out; in the other secondary line, for the production of molasses, an acid hydrolysis of the sugars is carried out. Another significant feature is that the optimum operating mode of the process is continuous operation, although batch loading is also accepted.
uacoopera posted this:Tungsten carbide based composite material, the appropriate method of production and applicationThe preferential production method of the composite material involves the sputtering for the modification of the particle surface by coating them with a nanocrystalline layer of iron-rich metallic binder with variable thickness. The rest of the processing follows the traditional powder metallurgy routes with pressing and sintering in a vacuum furnace. After processing, the composite contains tungsten carbide phase, eta-phase and iron rich binder.
Universidad de Alicante posted this:New procedure for the elimination of printed ink from plastic filmThe most innovative aspects of this technology are: • The process for the removal of the ink is completely innovative and ecological, because it does not use organic solvents. • The technology has been successfully tested on different plastics, such as Polythene, Polypropylene, Polyester and Polyamide. It is viable for both water and solvent based inks.
Centre Technology Transfer CITTRU posted this:Catalysts for low-temperature combustion of methane from low-caloric sources and methods for their preparationDue to the rising emission of methane and its extensive contribution to the greenhouse effect, the reduction of CH4 emissions from low-caloric anthropogenic sources is currently a vital importance. The main sources of the methane emission are: exploitation of oil pools, coal mining, pas power stations, landfills, agriculture and biomass. The most popular method of the reduction of methane is its catalytic combustion. Unfortunately, this method has few limitations associated mainly with hard activation of the C-H bond in CH4 and low concentrations of methane in the emitted gases. The catalytic oxidation of methane is limited also by the very large airflows (of order 105 m3/min), passing through the catalyst bed during the process. There is still a lack on the market of a technological solution based on total catalytic combustion of CH4 in the economically reasonable low-temperature window, i.e. below 400 °C. The most popular method among the methods limiting the emission of methane to the atmosphere is the one based on its catalytic combustion. However, this procedure has disadvantages, mainly due to the high activation energy of methane molecules and also because of the low concentration of methane emitted from anthropogenic sources. There is no technology allowing effectively combusting of methane with the concentration of 1-2 % and in the economically justified temperatures, i.e. lower than 400 °C. The fundamental advantages of offered solutions are: - method for preparing catalysts that ensures the repeatability of the parameters and high efficiency in the reactions of methane combustion, - increased both the activity and the thermal stability of the catalysts in comparison with other systems described in the literature, - possibility of using the catalysts in the total oxidation of methane emitted from the low-caloric sources at temperatures below 400 °C.