Agricultural chemicals Technology Offers Page 2

Universidad de Alicante posted this:

Members of CIBIO Research Institute, led by Professor Maria Angeles Marcos Garcia, head of the Associated Unit to CSIC, have developed a method to raise the dipterans predator Sphaerophoria rueppellii. This insect is known for its efficiency and high specificity predatory sirphid being more suitable as biological control agent against agricultural pests from aphids in a Mediterranean climate crops. The use of this natural enemy for biological control of pests will reduce pesticide use in both agricultural crops and in urban gardens. Have been optimized environmental conditions for breeding, such as diet (both immature and adult stages) to ensure a higher reproductive potential and higher rates of survival. The group is looking for companies interested in acquiring the technology for commercial exploitation. Innovative aspects 1- The only species of industrially produced sirphid (Episyphus balteatus) does not effectively control aphid pests in Mediterranean cultures, this is why the selection of another species of sirphid to act as a viable alternative in the field Mediterranean was needed. The novelty of this specie is that and in most cases of biological control, using species that are commercially available, or not part of the fauna, in this case, we have managed to breed the species in field trials, proved to have the greatest potential for control. 2- This is the first time that this predator specie is bred in the laboratory and maintain continuously during successive generations breeding in significant amounts from individuals. 3- Due to the invention has been developed by a consolidated research group, it will be applied a Quality Control (under the rules of the International Organisation for Biological and Integrated Control), to ensure the viability and product quality

RAMOT at Tel Aviv University Ltd. posted this:

Plants contain numerous microorganisms, in particular fungi. They are collectively referred to endophytes. Endophytic fungi are beneficial for the hosting plant, therefore the co-existence from day 1. The advantages for the plants include growth enhancement, protection from pathogens and pests, ability to grow and reproduce in sub-optimal conditions such as water limiting conditions and sub or supra- optimal temperatures. During cultivation, important genes have been lost and scientist are trying to find genes in wild populations and add them back into cultivated plants. ICCI specializes in diseases of cereals. Work is done on isolation of disease resistance genes from wild relatives of wheat and introduction into cultivated wheat. We propose to complement the genetic efforts by producing disease resistance through the use of endophytic fungi; Similar to gene loss, we believe that essential microorganisms have been lost during cultivation. We will utilize the vast collection of seeds from wild relative of wheat and barley to identify hidden endophytes that contribute to plant disease resistance and survival in arid and warm climate. After identifying such endophytes in the wild plants, we will introduce the most beneficial species into cultivated wheat and barley. This approach has been already used successfully in pasture plants. Expected outcome: 1. Novel knowledge on the composition of endophytic species in wild grasses relatives of wheat 2. Patent of species with economical and agricultural potential 3. Development of pathogen-protection in wheat and barley 4. Development of climate sustainability in wheat and barley Project ID : 2-2013-719
Plant endophytic fungi for crop protection and resistance to abiotic stress