Universitat de València

Nanocomposites for electrochemical supercapacitors

Posted by Universitat de ValènciaResponsive · Patents for licensing · Spain

Summary of the technology

The new materials have the following advantages over existing materials in supercapacitor’s sector:
 Supercapacitive properties: they have specific capacitance values much higher than those obtained by commercial nanostructured carbon electrodes.
 Low cost: obtained by a chemical process of a single stage, with a single precursor, at low temperature, and highly available, non-polluting and low cost materials.
 Good cyclability: testing in cyclability is promising in terms of electrochemical and mechanical stability.
In parallel to its advantages as supercapacitors, the nanocomposites show the advantages associated with the following additional properties:
 Giant magnetoresistance, GMR: this property is observed at room temperature, and high magnetic fields are not needed.
 Source of carbon nanoforms: based on the nanocomposite, can be obtained a mixture of carbon nanoforms consisting of nano-onions and multi-walled nanotubes.

Description of the tech for sale

Nanocomposite materials for energy storage applications are becoming of great interest due to the properties provided by its various constituents. Among possible nanocomposites that are being currently synthesized, those from layered double hydroxides (LDH) are attracting particular attention, especially carbon and metal oxides nanocomposites. These nanocomposites based on LDH have great potential applications in electrochemical devices such as supercapacitors. However, most new materials investigated turned out to be unfeasible from the commercial standpoint, due to its high cost and complexity of manufacture. Researchers from Universitat de València have developed new low cost nanocomposite materials with excellent supercapacitive and giant magnetoresistance (GMR) properties.

Specifications

The nanocomposites are obtained through a simple single stage and low temperature process, and from highly available and low cost materials, such as LDH. Nanocomposites are formed by nanoparticles (NPs) of a magnetic metal alloy (eg FeNi3) and a nanostructured carbon matrix. The NPs can be easily removed in a next step by acid leaching of the hybrid composite, to enable the insulation of freestanding carbon nanoforms, including nano-onions and multi-walled nanotubes. This methodology opens the door for the low-cost and more environmentally friendly synthesis of these new forms of carbon.

Main advantages of its use

  • The invention provides new low cost nanocomposite materials for electrochemical supercapacitors and also useful as a source of carbon nanoforms.

Applications

  • The new nanocomposites are useful for all those devices that require materials with supercapacitive properties. Supercapacitors (or ultracapacitors) are mainly used for energy storage: "energy smoothing" and momentary-load devices, KERS devices used in vehicles, replacing batteries for specific cases, smaller applications like home solar energy systems, etc. On the other hand, due to GMR properties these materials are also useful for spintronics applications, as could be read heads of modern hard drives and magnetic sensors. Finally, the resulting carbon nanoforms have an extremely wide range of potential applications in materials science, electronics, and nanotechnology.

Related keywords

  • Industrial Technologies
  • Physical Sciences and Exact Sciences
  • Electronics, IT and Telecomms
  • Energy Technology
  • Industrial manufacturing, Material and Transport Technologies
  • Materials Technology
  • Geothermal Energy Technology
  • Chemistry
  • Industrial Products
  • Communications
  • Electronics Related Market
  • Computer related
  • Storage
  • Some other electronics related
  • Geothermal Energy Market
  • Other Energy
  • Molecular chemistry
  • Nanotechnology
  • energy
  • Nanocomposite materials
  • LDH
  • electrochemical devices
  • supercapacitors
  • supercapacitive
  • giant magnetoresistance (GMR)
  • carbon nanoforms
  • Electronics

About Universitat de València

Public Agency from Spain

The University of Valencia, founded over five centuries ago by the Juries of Valencia, is a modern European public University, open to almost all branches of knowledge: social, economic and legal sciences, Basic experimental sciences, engineering and Tehcniques, health sciences, educational sciences and the humanities.
More than 41,000 undergraduate students, 4,000 postgraduate students, 2,000 students from other universities all over the world, take classes taught by more than 4,000 professors, lectures and researchers at our campuses (more than 440.000 square meters) with the support of over 1,700 administration and service staff.
Our university community is committed to being a university of reference: we are ranked 4º in Europe in receiving Erasmus students and 5ª in sending of students (Ranking Erasmus Mobility); It is fourth spanish university in research at the international level, ranking between 201 and 300, according to Shanghai Jiao Tong University Rankings.
The University of Valencia is working in a wide range of investigative fields. The results of this activity are applied in a variety of productive sectors and social areas. Information of interest for businesses and public bodies about the Scientific and Technological Capacity of the University of Valencia is made available and offered for socioeconomic transfer through its Research Results Transfer Office (OTRI).
The OTRI is a service that manages and assesses in the generation and transfer of University knowledge towards the industry, encouraging the University role as an active agent in the economic and social development; makes easier the access to the University of Valencia research facilities; manage the intellectual property of the research results produced in the University and carry out its valorisation for efficient transfer, and offers orientation of university research groups towards the needs of Business, promoting and guiding effective relationships for exchange of knowledge applied to the needs of social and industrial environment, making easier its information dissemination and transfer.

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